Australia is one of the world’s most efficient producers of cattle and the world’s third largest exporter of beef.
The off-farm meat value of the Australian beef and cattle industry is $12.3 billion (consumer expenditure plus export value).
Herd facts and figures:
• 77,164 properties with cattle (ABS Agricultural Commodities 2011-12).
• 28.5 million cattle and calves (ABS Agricultural Commodities 2011-12).
• 13.6 million beef cows and heifers (ABS Agricultural Commodities 2011-12).
• The cattle industry involves 57% of all farms with agricultural activity.
• The gross value of Australian cattle and calf production (including live cattle exports) is estimated at $7.4 billion (ABARES 2012-13).
• Cattle contributed 16% of the total farm value of $47.3 billion in 2011-12 (ABARES Agricultural Commodities June 2013).
• The direct contribution of beef and live cattle to gross domestic product was approximately 1% in 2012-13.
Domestic value and consumption:
• Domestic expenditure on beef was approximately $6.6 billion in 2012-13 (MLA estimate).
• Australians ate around 32.5kg of beef per person in 2012-13 (MLA estimate).
• Around 94% of Australian fresh meat buyers purchased beef in 2012-13 (AC Nielsen Homescan).
• In volume terms, beef is the second most popular fresh meat consumed through the foodservice industry after chicken (BIS Shrapnel).
Export value and volume:
• In 2012-13, Australia exported 67% of its total beef and veal production to over 100 countries (DAFF/ABS).
• The value of total beef and veal exports in 2012-13 was $5.06 billion (ABS).
• Australian live cattle exports were valued at $590 million in 2012-13 (ABS).
• The beef industry (including live cattle) contributes 13% to the total farm export value of $40 billion (FOB) (ABARES Agricultural Commodities June 2013).
Australia’s place in the world:
• Australia has 3% of the world cattle inventory, with India, Brazil and China taking the top three places (USDA 2012).
• Australia produces 4% of the world’s beef supply, and is the third largest beef exporter in the world (USDA 2012).
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